FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN FLU BURUNG PADA PETERNAKAN UNGGAS RAKYAT KOMERSIAL DI KABUPATEN SIDENRENG RAPPANG 2007-2009


FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN FLU BURUNG PADA PETERNAKAN UNGGAS
RAKYAT KOMERSIAL DI KABUPATEN SIDENRENG RAPPANG 2007-2009

oleh Muhlis Natsir, A.Zulkifli Abdullah dan Ridwan M.Thaha

 

ABSTRACT

MUHLIS NATSIR. Risk Factors Avian Influenza In Poultry Farming of Commercial Sidrap
Regency Year 2007-2009. (Supervised by A. Zulkifli Abdullah and Ridwan M. Thaha).

Bird flu or Avian Influenza (AI) is a contagious disease that can infection all types of
birds, humans, pigs, horses and dogs and is caused by Avian Influenza virus type A of the
Orthomyxoviridae family. Bird flu virus is zoonosis and it has a high mutation rate, so that this
disease has a social impact, economic and political big enough.

This study aims to analyze some of the risk factors bird flu outbreak in commercial
layer poultry farm in the District Sidrap years 2007-2009.
Research design used was analytical observasional Case Control Study. Research in April – May
2009. Elections sample purposively sampling of 136 poultry farm layer consisting of 68 sample
cases as livestock and animal husbandry as 68 control samples. Data analyzed with the test Odds
Ratio (OR) and logistic regression with convidence interval 95% (α = 0.05).
Results of this research show that the breeder has knowledge OR 4.371 (CI = 2.089 – 9.144);
environmental hygiene pen OR 2.460 (CI = 1.128 – 5.366); hygiene personnel cage OR 10.086
(CI = 4.182 – 24.327); interval enclosure OR 4.218 ( CI = 2.042 – 8.713); distance pen OR 2.962
(CI = 1.366 – 6.420) System maintenance is not contemporary OR 8.907 (CI = 3.907 – 18.407)
and the existence of wild animals OR 1.436 (CI = 0.621 – 3.320). From the results of the research
conclude that the personnel cage, cage environmental hygiene, hygiene of personnel cage, cage
rest time, distance, and system maintenance shed that is not contemporary risk factors is a bird
flu outbreak. Hygiene of personnel is the enclosure of most risk factors for bird flu outbreak.
Biosekurity conducted in each period of maintenance to prevent the risk of transmission disease
agents, and conducted further research on the mechanism for their role factor in the cause of the
spread of bird flu virus, and socialization to the farm in order to perform decontamination
personnel cage at the time of entry and exit enclosure.

Keywords: Avian Influenza, case control, people of a commercial poultry farm

PENDAHULUAN

Avian Influenza (AI) adalah penyakit menular yang dapat menginfeksi semua jenis
unggas, manusia, babi, kuda dan anjing dan disebabkan oleh virus Avian Influenza type A dari
family Orthomyxoviridae1. Secara umum, beberapa virus Avian Influenza dapat beradaptasi pada
spesies unggas baru dan menyebabkan outbreak baik epidemik maupun endemik2……..Download Disini

 

 

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